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[personal profile] kutsuwamushi
размениватъ/разменять to break into a smaller denomination

Both are regular first conjugation verbs; no stress shifts.

Clever

Sep. 25th, 2010 12:49 pm
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[personal profile] kutsuwamushi
умный intelligent
талантливый talented
способный capable, able
даровитый gifted
одарённый gifted
ловкий adroit, dextrous
искусный skillful
умелый able, astute
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плохой bad
дурной nasty, eg дурная привычка 'bad habit'
паршивый lit mangy, nasty, lousy, eg паршивая погода 'nasty weather'
злой wicked
вредный harmful, detrimental, injurious
тяжёлый severe
гнилой rotten, eg of fruit
кислый sour, eg of milk
тухлый putrefied, eg of eggs
испорченный spoiled, off (of food)
неподходящий unsuitable, eg неподходящий пример 'bad example'
неблагоприятный unfavourable
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женский female, feminine (short forms avoided, no comparitive)
женщина woman
жест gesture
живой living, alive, lively, living person
живописный picturesque
живопись painting (either the process, art, or paintings collectively)
живот stomach, belly
животное animal
жидкий liquid, fluid, weak, thin
жизнь (f) life
жилец lodger, tenant
жилица lodger, tenant
жилой residential, habitable (short forms avoided)
житель resident
жительница resident
журнал journal, magazine
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государство state, nation
готовый ready
градус degree
градусник thermometer
гражданин citizen
гражданка citizen
гражданство citizenship
грамм gram
грамматика grammar, grammar book
грамматический grammatical (short forms avoided, no compar.)
грамотный literate, grammatically correct, literate person
граница border, boundary
грейпфрут grapefruit
грек Greek
гренок toasted bread (end-stressed, o is a fill vowel)
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[personal profile] kutsuwamushi
Many words for months are end-stressed. This means that when an ending is added, the stress shifts to that ending. For example,

nom. декабрь -> gen. декабря

This is true all of the case endings. Once upon a time, the nominative/accusative had a vocalic ending, but this was lost through sound change, and the stress had to attach itself to the next available syllable.

январь January (end-stressed)
февраль Februrary (end-stressed)
март March
апрель April
май May
июнь June
июль July
август August
сентябрь September (end-stressed)
октябрь October (end-stressed)
ноябрь November (end-stressed)
декабрь December (end-stressed)
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делать/сделать
to do, to make (also to become, to grow, to happen)

A basic, necessary verb that is also is a good example of the first conjugation.

Conjugation )
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[personal profile] kutsuwamushi
Some Russian words for fruits and vegetables that are collective, like English "bread." These don't have plurals except in special contexts, like when referring to more than one kind.

The suffix -ина is sometimes added to refer to a particular item. You can also use штука "item" to describe a counted number: пять штук вишин.

A diminutive suffix may also be added. See this post on learn_russian where some Russian speakers comment on how they use the diminutive with these collective nouns.

брусника cowberries
вишня cherries
горох peas
ежевика blackberries
земляника wild strawberries
капуста cabbage
картофель (m) potatoes
клубника cultivated strawberries
крыжовник gooseberries
лук onions
малина raspberries
морковь (f) carrots
красная смородина redcurrants
чёрная смородина blackcurrants
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сегодня today
завтра tomorrow
вчера yesterday
день day
неделя week
месяц month
год year
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I'm currently working through 5000 Russian Words, put out by Slavica, in order to refresh my vocabulary.

This dictionary lists (almost) all of the inflectional forms of its words. This isn't necessary for regularly inflected words, but it's useful when it comes to irregularities that are overlooked in regular English-Russian dictionaries--like which words have a partitive.

морж walrus
мороженое ice cream
мороз cold, freezing weather, freezing temperature (takes partitive –у)
моряк sailor
Москва Moscow
москвич Muscovite
москвичка Muscovite
московичий Moscow, Muscovite (short forms avoided, no comparative)
мост bridge (end-stressed)
мотор motor, engine
мотоцикл motorcycle
муж husband, man (archaic/poetic)
мужество courage
мужской masculine, male
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понедельник Monday
вторник Tuesday
среда Wednesday
четверг Thursday
пятница Friday
суббота Saturday
воскресенье Sunday
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мочь/смочь
be able, can

This verb is irregular.

Conjugation )
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Некоторые люди не верят ни в Бога, ни в судьбу.

Vocabulary:

некоторые some
люди people
верить to believe (impf.)
Бог God
судьба fate

English translation: Some people don't believe either in God or in fate.
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верить/поверить + dative
"to believe someone"

верить/поверить в + accusative
"to believe in someone/something"

Conjugation )
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